Is My Green Urine a Serious Problem? 10 Possible Causes

Important lessons:

  • Urine's ideal color, clarity, and scent are all pale yellow.  

  • Health problems may be indicated by a change in the color of your urine, which may be green, orange, brown, or red.     

  • Medication is the most common culprit when it comes to green pee, but certain foods (and food dyes) can also be to blame. This is a symptom of a liver problem or a bacterial urinary infection, but only in extremely rare cases.  

A roll of toilet paper hanging in a bathroom with green and yellow tiles. Getty Images/kaisersosa67/iStock

You probably know that your urine's color (and smell) shifts depending on how much water you've consumed and how long it's been since you last went to the bathroom. The color of your urine can also be affected by what you eat. And if you've ever had a UTI, you know that it causes your urine to look, smell, and feel different.  

Even though green urine isn't common, it still deserves attention. Why Your Urine Turns Green: 10 Possible Causes Only two of them are actually worrying, and they're extremely uncommon.  

Irregular urination color (green): 10 possible causes

The color of your urine may change if you're taking certain medications. It's possible to turn your urine green with seven different medications. As a result of a chemical reaction, the substance has changed color. The urine will appear green (or bluish-green) due to the medication's blue pigment combining with the urine's natural yellow color.  

There is often a phenol group in the drug's chemical structure that is responsible for the discoloration. Urine turns blue because of its breakdown in the body. These then combine with the urochrome, or yellow pigment, in your urine to produce that telltale shade of green.

Medication that causes a green urine color

  1. The antihistamine promethazine (Phenergan) is used to treat both allergies and motion sickness.

  2. Antacid for GERD and heartburn, cimetidine (trade name: Tagamet)

  3. A medication used to prevent nausea and vomiting is called metoclopramide (trade name Reglan).

  4. The antidepressant amitriptyline (trade name: Amitril) is effective in the treatment of both fibromyalgia and depression.

  5. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin (Indocin).

  6. One popular surgical anesthetic is propofol (Diprivan).

  7. Methylene blue is a water-based dye that has applications in imaging, surgery, and the treatment of methemoglobinemia (an extremely uncommon blood disorder).

Alternative Green Urine Causes

One's urine can turn green for a variety of reasons besides just taking medication. Other possible reasons for green poop include:

Must I be worried about this?

The usual lack of cause for alarm exists when medication is the source of green urine. If you stop taking the medication, or wait a few hours, the color should go away.

Green urine can only be caused by two very rare conditions.  

Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial UTIs are extremely rare, but can cause a bluish-green discoloration of the urine. The blue pigment pyocyanin is a byproduct of the bacteria responsible for this effect.  

Jaundice is another major contributor to green urination. Liver, pancreas, and gallbladder issues are common causes of this condition. Jaundice is characterized by a yellowing of the skin, eyes, and urine due to an excess of bile (bilirubin) in the blood.  

Theories about green pee

There is anecdotal evidence that eating asparagus causes a slight greening of urine, but no conclusive evidence to support this claim. Urine often smells like typical asparagus, however. However, that's a discussion for another time.

Green pee has been linked to vitamin B complex according to some sources. Even though riboflavin (vitamin B2) contains a yellow-green fluorescent pigment, it does not make urine green.  

The Meaning of Urine Color and Its Representation of Health

Urine of a healthy person should be a very light, clear yellow. Dehydration causes the body to work harder to prevent fluid loss, so you may notice a change in the color and odor of your urine.   

However, if you pee a consistent dark yellow, orange, brown, red, or tinged with blood, this could be an indication that something else is wrong.

It's important to consider not only the hue, but also:

  • The frequency with which you have to go to the bathroom to urinate

  • The quantity of urine you excrete

  • How your pee looks (whether cloudy, foamy, etc.)

  • Alterations in aroma (more pungent, unpleasant, or pleasant).

Seeing a doctor is recommended if you observe a change in any of these traits, especially if it is dramatic or ongoing. Urine tests are often the first line of defense in determining if something is wrong.

To urinate on St. St. Paddy's Day

Green food coloring in the toilet bowl is a fun tradition for St. Patrick's Day among preschool teachers and parents. Day of St. Patrick The term "leprechaun pee" is coined to describe the shock this causes among children. ”

Is green poop just a coincidence on this holiday, or are there other factors at play?  

The celebration of St. Restaurants, bars, and pubs all over the United States serve up green alcoholic beverages and food items, such as shamrock shakes, green burgers, and green beer, in honor of St. Patrick's Day.   

Does drinking an entire bottle of green liquor for a day result in a green urine color? It's possible that the answer is yes. The effects of ingesting artificial green food dye can last for up to 12 hours, as evidenced by persistent green urine. In contrast, something may be wrong if your urine remains green for more than a day.  

And if you're not into green food dyes, go for the real deal by eating foods that are naturally green. Alternatively, you could "go green" by giving up all forms of animal products.

It's not usually necessary to worry about green pee, especially if the symptom only lasts a short time or you just started taking a new medication. However, if the St. If you're still noticing changes in your urine after St. Patrick's Day, you should see a doctor. If you're worried that this could be a warning sign of something more serious, your provider can run a few tests.    

GoodRx Health follows stringent sourcing policies and only uses primary sources like hospitals, clinics, universities, and scholarly journals. Read our editorial guidelines if you want to find out how we make sure everything we publish is 100% truthful and objective.

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