My eyes hurt; what could be causing it and how can I get rid of it?

Mild pain in the eyes may indicate eyestrain or exhaustion. When you have a sinus infection or migraine, you may also experience pain around your eyes. The pain you're experiencing in your eyes could be a sign of something more serious, like uveitis.

There are numerous causes of eye discomfort. One might feel like there's something stuck in their eye, or that their eyes are aching, burning, or stinging.

The possible causes of eye pain, potential treatments and remedies, and when a doctor should be consulted are discussed in this article.

When the eyes become overworked, the result is eyestrain. This is common when working on a task that requires prolonged close eye focus. This may cause irritation, tears, or dryness in your eyes.

The following are examples of possible causes of eye strain:

  • watching digital displays
  • driving
  • reading
  • be subjected to intense illumination

Reducing eye strain can be as simple as taking a break. Every 20 minutes, your eyes need a break from near-point activities like reading, so the NEI suggests taking a 20-second break every 20 minutes to look at an object 20 feet away.

To some extent, adjusting the brightness of screens, decreasing glare from lights and windows, and taking frequent breaks while driving can all aid in this regard.

Eyestrain and headaches are two symptoms that can be brought on by glasses that aren't properly prescribed. Seeing clearly requires periodic visits to the ophthalmologist because vision changes with age.

Dry eye

Dry eye syndrome is extremely prevalent. Dry eye syndrome develops when the tear ducts are unable to produce enough tears to adequately moisten the eyes.

Dry eye can cause a variety of uncomfortable side effects.

  • eyes that are itchy and scratchy
  • Irritated or burning eyes
  • lighting sensitivity
  • Poor focus
  • redness

Women, people over the age of 60, and those who do not consume enough vitamin A or omega-3 fatty acids are at increased risk for developing dry eye. Dry eye is also common among those who suffer from autoimmune diseases like lupus or Sjogren's syndrome.

If you spend a lot of time staring at a screen, you may not blink as often, which can cause dry eye. This condition can be made worse by exposure to air conditioning, cigarette smoke, or wind.

Dry eye can be treated with lubricating eye drops and prescription drugs that stimulate tear production. If excessive tear drainage is to blame for your dry eyes, a simple medical procedure to block the tear ducts may be the answer.

Pink eye

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is caused by bacteria and viruses. The most typical signs include:

  • A person with a red or pink iris.
  • irritating heat or itch
  • the eyes were watering
  • emissions, which may be colorless, yellow, or green when they exit the system

Most cases of viral conjunctivitis clear up without medical intervention. However, antibiotic eye drops or ointment may be necessary for those who have bacterial conjunctivitis.

See a doctor if your symptoms are severe or ongoing, or if you notice conjunctivitis in a newborn baby.

The virus that causes pink eye can easily be passed on to others. That's why it's so important for conjunctivitis sufferers to keep their hands clean, especially after touching their eyes. Consider doing the following on a short-term basis:

  • Don't Use Contact Lenses Anymore
  • Put away the eye makeup
  • You should stop sharing towels and other items of personal hygiene.
  • Do not enter any swimming pools

When the infection has subsided, people can return to these routines.

Infection by fungi

In addition to skin infections, fungi can also cause eye infections.

Fungal eye infections are more common among people who work in agricultural settings or gardens, as well as among those who wear contact lenses. Additional risk factors include impaired immunity, diabetes, and conditions treated with corticosteroids.

As a result of a fungal infection, the eye may be affected by

  • eye pain
  • redness
  • cloudy perceptions
  • Photosensitivity is the ability to detect and react to light.
  • tearing
  • discharge

Those experiencing these signs should see a doctor right away. All forms of fungal eye infection, as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), necessitate the use of prescription medication. The condition can be treated with antifungal eye drops, medication, or even surgery.

Eye corneal scratch

The cornea is the transparent, front layer of the eye. Contact lens wearers, makeup wearers, and people who rub their eyes are all at risk of scratching the cornea. As a result, not only do you experience discomfort in your eyes, but also:

  • Feeling like something is embedded in one's eye
  • the eyes are red and watery
  • Light-sensing ability
  • fuzzy perceptions

It is possible to treat a scratched cornea with eye drops, a protective patch, or a special contact lens that can facilitate faster healing.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology states that minor scratches typically heal on their own within 2 days. It could take up to a week for a deep scratch to heal.

Uveitis

The National Eye Institute defines uveitis as an umbrella term for a group of inflammatory eye diseases. Uveitis is a disease that attacks the eyes, causing inflammation and sometimes tissue death.

This includes, but is not limited to, the following symptoms:

  • eye pain
  • Vision impairment
  • blind spots that float around the screen
  • light sensitivity
  • redness

Uveitis's underlying cause is often unclear. Causes such as eye trauma, infection, tumor, or autoimmune disorder have all been linked to its emergence. This can be a temporary acute condition or a persistent chronic one.

Uveitis is a medical emergency. Medication or eye drops prescribed by a doctor are the usual methods of treatment. The goal is pain relief, inflammation control, tissue damage avoidance, and vision recovery.

Find out more about uveitis right here.

However, if the pain in the eyes is accompanied by other symptoms, it may be an indication that something other than an eye problem is to blame.

Cases in point could be:

  • Facial pain, headache, and possibly a fever are all signs of a sinus infection. Antibiotics can help a doctor treat a sinus infection.
  • Migraine is characterized by severe headaches, typically on one side of the head. Migraine symptoms include sensitivity to light, nausea/vomiting, and throbbing pain around the eyes/brow bone.
  • Pain around the eyes, on one side of the face or head, in the neck, or the shoulders are all possible symptoms of a cervicogenic headache. Other side effects include feeling sick, seeing halos around lights, and being overly sensitive to sound or light.

A fungal infection or uveitis, for example, are not something that can be treated effectively with home remedies. However, for those who suffer from eye fatigue, discomfort, or dryness, they can provide welcome relief.

To name a few home remedies:

  • Taking a break: Resting the eyes can help relieve the pain caused by eye strain or an incorrect prescription. Eye strain can be avoided by taking frequent breaks from reading or screen work.
  • Those who suffer from dry eyes or who live in particularly dry climates may find relief from using a humidifier.
  • If your eyes feel tired or dry, try some hydrating eye drops you can buy at the drug store.
  • Reducing contact with potential irritants: smoke, strong winds, and air conditioning can all make eye dryness worse. Reducing one's contact with these irritants could help, if at all possible.
  • The irritant properties of cigarette smoke on the eyes are enough to convince anyone to give up the habit. According to the National Eye Institute, cigarette smoking is also associated with an increased risk of developing eye diseases and optic nerve damage.

The National Eye Institute suggests eating vitamin A-rich foods like carrots and broccoli as well as oily fish like salmon to lower your risk of developing eye diseases.

See a doctor if your eye pain is severe, lasts more than a few days, or is accompanied by other symptoms like pus or sensitivity to light. In the event of any vision impairment, medical attention should be sought.

Those who have a history of eye problems or are at high risk for developing new ones should also see a doctor at the first sign of discomfort. Those with compromised immune systems, such as those with diabetes or hypertension, fall into this category.

Eye infections in newborns can cause serious complications. Puffy eyelids, red eyes, or eye discharge are all signs that an infant needs to see a doctor.

Common symptoms of mild eye discomfort and pain When one's eyes are focused for extended periods of time, fatigue and dryness can set in.

A migraine, a scratched cornea, or an infection are all potential causes of severe eye pain. A consultation with a medical professional is warranted if possible.

Until the next scheduled checkup on August 5, 2020.

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