I Poop So. Much. Should I Be Worried?- VyWhy

Last updated on 2022-01-16 04:46:21


What to know before you go.

According to the Cleveland Clinic, there actually isn’t a golden rule for poops per day. Normal dumping frequency can be between three times per day to three times per week.

It’s all about your personal pooping pattern (or PPP, as we like to call it). Chances are you probably know your PPP pretty well. Some of us might take a post-coffee poop (PCP) after a strong cup in the a.m. and be clear for the day.

Others might drop some bombs after each meal or have a single afternoon/evening cleansing poop to prep for a new day (aka every dad in the history of existence).

If you’re a person pretending you don’t poop (looking at you ladies), do yourself a favor and own up — we all do it. And the good news? Studies have shown women poop less than men, so if you’re a woman, you’ve likely got less toilet time on the horizon than your male friends.

According to a 2016 study, how “regular” you are really depends on your diet, exercise, and lifestyle, as well as the microbes present in your gut.

If you’re in sync with your PPP and notice you’ve been getting in a few extra dookies, something is probably going on with your bowels.

You should be concerned about pooping a lot if you notice the typical consistency and look of your poop changes.

The Mayo Clinic outlines red-flag poop as “narrow, ribbon-like stools” or “loose, watery stools.” Additionally, frequent No. 2 associated with abdominal pain, blood, mucus, or pus in your poop are signs that it’s time to call your doctor.

So, you’ve determined your bathroom trips are increasing, but what exactly is causing your excessive pooping? Hold onto your butts, we have quite a few answers.

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You are what you eat, and what you eat turns into poo. Eating spicy Thai food or a giant raw salad can lead to a few extra trips to the bathroom.

Eating a vegetarian diet is also associated with more pooping, and that’s just science. Plant foods contain a lot of fiber, which makes you go.

It’s even more frequent for vegans. A nutrition and bowel movement study saw a higher pooping frequency among its 30 percent plant based participants.

Spicy food can also irritate your gut, making you go more frequently (especially hot lava style). And, it goes without saying, eating spoiled food can make you sick, leading you to use the restroom way more than usual.

2. Illness

More visits to the porcelain palace are often connected to illness. This could be bacterial, viral, parasitic, or even complications from bodily functions or organs that are making you sick.

Some illnesses associated with frequent pooping include C. difficile (which can be really bad if you don’t see a doctor), worms or protozoa, diverticulitis, pancreatitis, gallbladder issues, H. Pylori, or intestinal problems.

3. Exercise

There’s a reason seasoned runners say “never trust a fart.” Exercises like running can get things moving. Researchers chalk up gym-goers pooping more to the contracting and stretching of the digestive tract paired with secretions and decreased blood flow.

Additionally, what you eat with exercise can mess with your colon. A 2015 study found that triathletes who consumed caffeine, energy, or carbs pre-race were more likely to have increased GI stress when exercising. Competitors who drank caffeine in the morning had even more GI tract distress when they started to run.

4. Coffee

Does drinking your grande cold brew make you bolt for the bathroom? Coffee makes you go more for a few reasons, but caffeine is a big one.

A study from the University of Iowa College of Medicine reported participants who drank caffeinated coffee recorded 60 percent stronger colon activity compared to drinking water and 23 percent more than decaf.

Additional studies over the years have found similar results when giving people caffeinated coffee, making the general consensus that caffeine consumption makes you want to go.

5. Stress

Stress can mess up a lot going on in the body including hormones, weight, and your immune system. No surprise it can also affect your bowel movements.

Stress can make you poop more because it can throw your digestive system out of whack, which leads to more poops with a side of diarrhea.

6. Period

That time of the month can also really eff up a bathroom schedule. A 2014 study of 156 women found that 73 percent of women experienced GI distress during or pre-period and 28 percent reported diarrhea.

When Aunt Flo comes to visit, the body releases hormone-like substances called prostaglandins that help the uterus contract (hello cramps!). Those pesky prostaglandins can also make your bowel muscles contract more, leading to more trips to the loo.

7. Lactose intolerance

Eating what disagrees with your body can also make you visit the toilet more frequently. If you’re lactose intolerant, eating dairy can cause some pretty explosive dookies, or if you’re lucky, just increase your number of trips to the bathroom.

This is because a lactose intolerant person can’t digest lactose, a sugar in milk and milk products like cheese and yogurt.

Lactose intolerance can run in your family and is even more common in people of Asian, African, Mexican American, and Native American heritage.

8. Celiac disease and gluten

People find a lot of reasons to hate on gluten these days, but if you’re pooping a lot, gluten might be the culprit. Someone who has non-celiac gluten sensitivity can’t process gluten properly, potentially causing GI irritation that leads to gas and frequent No. 2s.

Celiac disease is a lot more serious than a gluten sensitivity. The disease is actually an autoimmune disease where eating gluten causes an immune response that attacks the small intestine. This can lead to really serious issues in the long run.

The Celiac Disease Foundation estimates 1 in 100 people around the world have the disease. Take note of what you’re eating, and if you connect gluten-y foods with your BMs, make an appointment with your doctor.

9. IBS

If you have Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) you’re prone to abdominal pain and bowel movement changes like diarrhea, constipation, or a combination of the two. So, if you have IBS and a frequent pooping schedule, the two could definitely be connected.

The bad news is that doctors still don’t know what causes IBS and will most likely advise you to change your eating habits or put you on medication. Some find their IBS flare-ups are related to food allergies and stress.

10. Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that leads to inflammation of the digestive tract. It can even spread to layers of bowel tissue causing more pain and problems.

Crohn’s can cause a bunch of uncomfortable symptoms, including abdominal pain and diarrhea. Bloody stools are also an indication of Crohn’s disease and a sign to call your doctor ASAP (Crohn’s can lead to life-threatening problems).

Like IBS, there isn’t a cure for Crohn’s disease, yet. If you suspect this is the reason you might be pooping a lot, schedule a doctor’s appointment.

11. Medication

Medications can also affect your bowels and rev up your colon. Beyond the obvious laxatives or stool softeners (duh), there are a few medications to look out for:

  • antibiotics
  • antacids
  • NSAIDs like ibuprofen and naproxen
  • metformin (diabetes medication)
  • heartburn and stomach ulcer medications (uncommon, but possible)
  • immune system suppressing drugs like mycophenolate
  • chemotherapy drugs

Any new-to-you medication can also affect your body’s bathroom groove. If things don’t go back to normal and you have alarming symptoms like fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or bloody stools, call your doctor ASAP.

12. Drinking

Most of us have probably experienced the beer sh*ts after a booze fest. Also known as day-after-drinking stool (affectionately called DADS for short), the bathroom trips after drinking 12 White Claws can be a nightmare.

Lower alcohol content beverages like wine and beer especially accelerate your GI tract to empty out. And bending the elbow really ups your ethanol consumption, which is the chemical compound in alcohol responsible for accelerating GI movement when consumed in large amounts.

13. Traveling

There’s a reason traveling pros carry a stash of Imodium. Traveling to another country can actually make you need to poop more and lead to traveler’s diarrhea.

Traveler’s diarrhea is usually caused by eating contaminated food or water while abroad. Additionally, small factors like different climate or sanitation can upset your bowels.

A 2017 study of 628 international travelers from the Boston area found that 33 percent experienced traveler’s diarrhea.

Once you identify some potential reasons for your frequent defecating, get the plumbing back to normal with a few different approaches:

  • Change up your diet and try eating less fiber-rich or irritating/spicy foods.
  • Limit your coffee consumption (we promise you can survive on one cup a day).
  • Be careful about what you eat right before a workout.
  • Take some food-related precautions when traveling abroad:
    • Check the safety of tap water before using it to drink, brush your teeth, or even rinse with.
    • Don’t eat raw fruits or veggies without rinsing in clean bottled water.
    • Play it safe and only eat fruits and veggies that are cooked or have a peel you can tear off yourself.
  • Cut back on your drinking.
  • If you’re stressed or anxious, consider meditating or visiting a therapist.
  • Look into what medications you’re taking.
  • Schedule a wellness check with your doctor to discuss potential illnesses, diseases, or food sensitivities that could be the culprit.

Again, if you’re experiencing weird colored, odd shaped, bloody, or watery poop, make sure you give your doctor a call. Something more sinister could be happening in your colon.

7 Best Aloe Vera Gels of 2022

17-02-2022 · Green Leaf Naturals make their gel with 100 percent organic aloe vera plants grown in the Lone Star State and certified by the Texas Department of Agriculture. The gel …


Medically reviewed by Clare Wightman MS, PAC, Dermatology, Medical Research Written by Zia Sherrell, MPH on February 17, 2022

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

When considering aloe products, one of the most essential things to look for is how much aloe vera the product actually contains, as there are some suspect products on the market that seem to contain very little. With that in mind, all our picks are rich in the good stuff.

There are a few other things we considered too:

  • Customer reviews. Do the people love it? Do they rave about it? Do they want to tell all their friends about it and buy it again? If the answer was “no,” it didn’t make our list.
  • Ingredients. Cold-pressed is best. And it rhymes. If we could, we selected cold-processed aloe, so it didn’t lose any precious antioxidants through the manufacturing process.
  • Price. We chose economical, middle ground, and luxury picks, cos beauty doesn’t have to cost a fortune, but sometimes a splurge is nice.
  • Organic. Wherever possible, we chose organic products with no harmful chemicals.
  • $$$
  • zero dyes, synthetic additives, or artificial ingredients
  • organic, cruelty-free, Reef-Friendly

Beauty By Earth is a favorite because it smells delicious and leaves you with fresh-faced, moisturized, and glowing skin with one quick application. People comment on how quickly it sinks in, leaving dewy skin without a sticky aftermath.

It’s a superb multipurpose product that you can use to take the stings out of insect bites, alleviate skin irritation, reduce razor burns, cool burns, the list goes on.

Best aloe vera gel for lips

Organic Doctor Organic Aloe Vera Lip Balm

  • $
  • contains SPF 15, shea butter, argan oil
  • cruelty-free, vegan, organic

A quick swipe of Doctor Organic Aloe Vera Lip Balm, and you’ll have super soft, moisturized lips all day long. Not only does this tiny but mighty balm pack the power of aloe vera, but it also contains nourishing ingredients like argan, castor seed, and jojoba oil to protect your kisser.

As you might suspect with the name, Doctor Organic uses organic, non-GMO ingredients and avoids preservatives and petrochemicals wherever they can. The result is natural, plant-based goodies that people love.

Best lightweight aloe vera gel

Badger Unscented Aloe Vera Gel

  • $
  • unscented and free from parabens, sulfates, and artificial colors
  • fair trade, organic, 50% recycled packaging

There’s nothing quite like the feeling of nourishing parched skin with the cooling, soothing sensation of cool aloe vera gel. And with Badger Unscented Aloe Vera Gel, you don’t have to worry about tackiness as the lightweight gel readily soaks into your skin.

Badger is committed to high quality, organic ingredients. And you can rest assured that their products are made ethically by workers paid a fair wage thanks to their Fairtrade pledge.

Best aloe vera gel for a splurge

COOLA Radical Recovery After-Sun Lotion

  • $$$
  • made with organic agave, rosemary extract, lavender, mandarin peel
  • vegan, Reef-Friendly, EcoCert certified

Coola has blended a range of natural, antioxidant, and vitamin intensive ingredients to create their deeply hydrating daily lotion. It’s marketed as an after-sun lotion, but it also works well as part of your daily routine.

People rave about this stuff as it smells fabulous and calms irritation, leaving only silky-smooth skin in its wake. It’s hard to find a bad word said about this product. Although it’s a little pricier than some, it seems to be worth the splurge.

Best organic aloe vera gel

Green Leaf Naturals Aloe Vera Gel at Green Leaf Naturals

  • $$
  • made with pure aloe vera
  • paraben, petrochemical, dye, alcohol, cruelty-free

Green Leaf Naturals make their gel with 100 percent organic aloe vera plants grown in the Lone Star State and certified by the Texas Department of Agriculture. The gel consists of 99.75 percent cold-pressed aloe vera, and the remaining 0.25 percent is a plant-based preservative, meaning you don’t need to refrigerate the gel.

Apparently, you can use the gel as an after-shave treatment and condition and style hair. Who knew?

Oh, and if you’ve run out of lube, this gel steps up to the plate, according to reviews!

shop now at green leaf naturals

Best aloe vera gel for after-sun

Sun Bum Cool Down Gel

  • $$
  • made with aloe, vitamin E, glycerin, and tea tree oil
  • cruelty-free, zero parabens, vegan

If you’ve enjoyed the sun a little too much on vacay, and your skin’s now paying the price, grab yourself some Sun Bum Cool Down Gel. It has a light texture and consistency that glides over sunburnt skin, leaving it moisturized and less likely to peel. The antioxidant vitamin E also helps neutralize harmful free radicals that can cause premature skin aging.

There are a few upset reviewers, though, saying that the products arrived in ripped packaging without the seal. So be aware.

Best aloe vera gel for sensitive skin

Holika Holika Aloe Soothing Gel

  • $
  • made with bamboo, cucumber, and healing botanicals
  • cruelty-, mineral-, and paraben-free

Holika Holika has created a lightweight, nongreasy formula that calms even the most sensitive skin. The gel soaks in quickly, doesn’t leave any goo behind, and the effects last all day. It’s also ultra-moisturizing, thanks to a bevy of added plant extracts like bamboo, cabbage, corn, and watermelon.

The rather quirky packaging has won awards as it doesn’t spill or leak out, and you can dispense the perfect amount. This is an excellent product at a reasonable price point, and most people love it.

If you haven’t used aloe gel before, it’s a good idea to do an allergy patch test on the inside of your wrist to check for a reaction. Better a red itchy wrist than a red itchy face.

If you pass the allergy test, wash your hands and apply a small amount of gel to the desired area of your skin. Don’t use too much as you may get kinda gummy, but you can use it as often as needed.

When you’re done, store your aloe in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. You can also store the gel in the fridge or freezer, which will lead to a particularly joyous time when using it on sore, sunburnt skin.

Aloe vera gel is perfectly safe to use, but everyone’s skin is different and thus acts differently. You can limit any potential problems from use with a skin patch test. But if you decide to give it a miss, here are some side effects you could experience:

  • Allergic reactions. Some people may experience a burning sensation or itching when using aloe gel. Although, on the whole, these effects are mild, if you break out in hives or a rash, stop using the product immediately and consult your doctor if it doesn’t resolve pretty quickly.
  • Slowed healing. Although aloe is known to help heal sunburn and minor wounds, you should pass if you’re considering using it on surgical wounds. Why? Some evidence suggests that aloe interferes with healing this type of wound and can even cause infection.
  • Gooey buildup. Make sure aloe is one of the primary ingredients in your product and also be aware that some can contain your key chemical thickeners that leave a gooey residue on your skin. Like coconut oil, cold-pressed is best, so the heat doesn’t damage all the good stuff.

Still have some questions about aloe vera gel? Well, let’s try to clear some things up by answering some common queries.

Where does aloe gel come from?

Aloe gel comes from the aloe plant. Aloe is a succulent, aka fat cactus-like plant, that comes from a massive family of around 420 different species. It’s typically green, with large fleshy leaves with spiky edges. It’s in these leaves that you find the gluey gel that consists of 99 percent water, along with vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and sugars.

Manufacturers squeeze out this gel and use it in your fave aloe products.

What skin problems can aloe treat?

Aloe vera is often used to ease uncomfortable skin problems, as it’s moisturizing and cooling. It’s used for:

  • minor burns
  • skin irritation
  • acne
  • insect bites
  • abrasions
  • aging
  • eczema
  • psoriasis

Can aloe reduce wrinkles?

There’s not a massive amount of scientific evidence to prove that aloe works on fine lines and wrinkles. That said, a 2015 study found that taking aloe vera gel as a dietary supplement significantly improved facial wrinkles. The authors thought this could be because of the natural plant cereals that promote collagen production.

However, it isn’t known if applying aloe directly to your face will rock the same results. But nothing’s stopping you from giving it a try.

Is aloe vera gel good for dry skin?

Absolutely. Aloe vera has moisturizing properties as it contains lots of water that can hydrate and help nourish dry skin. You may find it works wonders for you but be careful if your skin is super dry, as it can irritate some peeps.

Can aloe cure acne?

Maybe. Aloe is known for antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, so it could be a natural and effective way to treat and prevent breakouts.

A new 2021 study used aloe vera gel, ultrasound, and a mask for treating mild to severe facial acne. The researchers found that this combined therapy is highly effective and could significantly improve acne.

Aloe vera is a plant remedy that people have used for thousands of years for its healing, moisturizing, and skin-nourishing effects. Plus, it works wonders for sunburn and may even stop your skin from peeling.

Aloe vera gel is a fab multipurpose product to keep at hand, and if you’re wondering which one to pick, you can’t go wrong with organic, and chemical-free options. Give one of our recommendations a whirl and see if helps you wave goodbye to the dry.

Last medically reviewed on February 17, 2022

How Much Collagen Per Day? Daily Dosage

18-12-2020 · Most often if you’re taking powdered collagen, it’ll be recommended to take 1 to 2 scoops (or tablespoons) each day. Collagen pills or gummies may recommend 1 to 2 pieces for your daily dose. With...


Medically reviewed by Grant Tinsley, PhD, NutritionWritten by Lauren Armstrong, RDN on December 18, 2020

  • Natural collagen forms
  • Collagen supplements
  • Collagen dosage
  • How much to take

Collagen is basically your body’s natural protein glue, holding things together like your bones, muscles, and skin. But if you want an added health boost from a supplement, how much collagen should you take per day?

Adding a collagen supplement has a bunch of potential benefits, like:

  • improving skin health
  • strengthening hair and nails
  • decreasing joint pain
  • preventing bone loss
  • improving muscle mass

Here’s how much collagen a day helps keep your body strong and your skin glowing. 🌟

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Yulia Lisitsa/Getty Images

Before diving into supplements, understand that collagen is essential to your bod. According to a research review, there are at least 28 different types of collagen, but types I, II, and III are the most common forms found in the human body.

  • Type I: Makes up more than 90 percent of your collagen and is found in connective tissue, hair, skin, and nails. The decrease in this collagen may result in sagging skin, fine lines, brittle nails, and thinning hair.
  • Type II: Tends to be more abundant in joints and cartilage.
  • Type III: Works with type I as an important form of collagen in your organs and skin.

Since there are so many types of collagen, more research needs to be completed to really pinpoint how each type influences our health. But we do know there may be major benefits to taking a collagen supplement.

If you’re looking to add in a collagen supplement to your day (collagen creamer in your coffee, anyone ☕️?), you may notice that you have a few options there too.

  • Hydrolyzed collagen (sometimes referred to as collagen hydrolysate) comes from different sources like bovine (cows), marine sources (fish), and other animal sources (pigs, chickens). It’s broken down into small peptides which makes it easier for your body to absorb.
  • Undenatured collagen hasn’t been broken down by processing. Like hydrolyzed collagen, it can come from several animal sources.
  • Gelatin is cooked collagen that comes from animal sources (think Jell-O).

Not all types of collagen supplements are the same. So, quantity and reasons for taking them differ from each other.

Hydrolyzed collagen

Hydrolyzed collagen is the most common collagen supplement on the market, most likely because a research review showed that it’s easily absorbed.

You often find this supplement in powder or capsule form, with powders being easy to mix in with soups, beverages, or even baked goods. You can also find hydrolyzed collagen in some cosmetics 💄.

When it comes to skin health, a study found that the intake of 2.5 grams of collagen peptides improved skin hydration, elasticity, roughness, and density.

Another study showed that bumping up your collagen intake to 5 grams per day potentially improves bone density (with the help of calcium and vitamin D).

Go big or go home by consuming 15 grams of collagen per day, which improved muscle mass and body composition in a study of premenopausal women.

Undenatured collagen

This form of collagen can also be found in powdered or capsule form, with studies linking it to bone and joint health. One study found that a total daily dose of 40 milligrams per day improved knee joint symptoms in individuals dealing with osteoarthritis.


This form of collagen is less likely to be sold as a supplement and more often found in the fruity, jiggly desert Jell-O. You can also use plain gelatin to boost protein content and thicken sauces, soups, and smoothies.

Limited research has been done on gelatin supplementation, but we do have some info. A study found that participants who took 15 grams of gelatin improved their collagen synthesis (how their bodies a make it). This might play a role in tissue repair and injury prevention.

But the study above was conducted over a short period of time, so we can’t be sure of the side effects that may come with long-term use.

There aren’t any official guidelines on how much collagen to add to your smoothie of morning brew. It really just depends on why you want to take collagen in the first place.

A simple strategy is to check out the package recommendations. Most often if you’re taking powdered collagen, it’ll be recommended to take 1 to 2 scoops (or tablespoons) each day. Collagen pills or gummies may recommend 1 to 2 pieces for your daily dose.

With each form of collagen supplements comes various collagen contents, making dosages different. Overall, taking 2.5 to 15 grams of collagen peptides seems to be a safe and effective amount per day.

Many parts of your body need collagen to stay structurally sound. If you regularly consume animal sources, you’re getting enough collagen already. But adding a supplement further supports bone, skin, joint, and hair health.

If opting for a supplement, the easiest way to take enough is to stick with the recommended intakes listed on the packages.

Last medically reviewed on December 18, 2020

  • Bolke L, et al. (2019). A collagen supplement improves skin hydration, elasticity, roughness, and density: Results of a randomized, placebo-controlled, blind study. 
  • Elam ML, et al. (2015). A calcium-collagen chelate dietary supplement attenuates bone loss in postmenopausal women with osteopenia: A randomized controlled trial.
    liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jmf.2014.0100?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub 0pubmed
  • Jendricke P, et al. (2019). Specific collagen peptides in combination with resistance training improve body composition and regional muscle strength in premenopausal women: A randomized controlled trial.
  • León-López A, et al. (2019). Hydrolyzed collagen-sources and applications. 
  • Lugo JP, et al. (2016). Efficacy and tolerability of an undenatured type II collagen supplement in modulating knee osteoarthritis symptoms: A multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. 
  • Lugo JP, et al. (2013). Undenatured type II collagen (UC-II) for joint support: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in healthy volunteers.
  • Paul C, et al. (2019). Significant amounts of functional collagen peptides can be incorporated in the diet while maintaining indispensable amino acid balance.
  • Shaw G, et al. (2017). Vitamin C-enriched gelatin supplementation before intermittent activity augments collagen synthesis. 
  • Van Vijven JPJ, et al. (2012). Symptomatic and chondroprotective treatment with collagen derivatives in osteoarthritis: A systematic review.
  • Wu M, et al. (2020). Biochemistry, collagen synthesis. 
Diarrhea After Drinking: Why It Happens and Drinks to Avoid

28-05-2015 · Speeding up digestion also means there’s less time for the colon to absorb H2O, which can lead to watery stool, says Dr. Anish Sheth, a gastroenterologist and the author of ...


If you wake up after a night of boozing and make a beeline for the bathroom, you’re not alone. First off, you’ve got to pee. Alcohol is a diuretic, which makes you produce more urine.

But there’s often a need to lighten the load, too, and it can be on the runny side. Here’s why.

We have the ethanol in alcohol to thank for the day-after-drinking stool (DADS), a phenomenon that’s also know by a far more vulgar term: the beer sh*ts.

Ethanol revs up the digestive process, which is why you have the urge to go right when you wake up.

Speeding up digestion also means there’s less time for the colon to absorb H2O, which can lead to watery stool, says Dr. Anish Sheth, a gastroenterologist and the author of “What’s Your Poo Telling You?”

Beer and malt liquor are particularly bad offenders when it comes to DADS.

Our bodies usually produce plenty of enzymes to break down the complex carbohydrates found in these drinks when they make their way to the small intestine.

But the high volume of carbs that comes with guzzling beer, coupled with an accelerated digestive process (thanks, ethanol!) means some of the carbohydrates may enter the large intestine without breaking down, Sheth explains.

The bacteria in the large intestine will then have a field day fermenting the remaining carbohydrates, which results in gas, cramping, and (you guessed it) more diarrhea.

A few loose bowel movements are nothing to worry about, but if the diarrhea continues for more than a day, consult a medical professional, Sheth says.

The symptoms that are part of DADS are similar to what happens when people with lactose intolerance consume dairy.

And like lactose intolerance, the limits for what people can drink before they start to feel sick varies, says Dr. Joseph Weiss, a gastroenterologist and the author of “The Scoop on Poop: Flush with Knowledge.”

“Just like some people with lactose intolerance can have cream in their coffee but start to feel sick after a glass of milk, some people will be fine drinking a beer or two but will notice digestive problems if they drink a whole six-pack,” Weiss says.

In rare cases, the digestive problems could be connected to bigger health issues, such as celiac disease or irritable bowel syndrome.

If symptoms like gas, bloating, cramping, and diarrhea show up often (and not just when you’re drinking), it’s time to talk to your doctor, Weiss recommends.

The ethanol in alcohol speeds up the digestive process, but some libations are more likely to produce watery poop than others.

It’s all about noticing how drinking affects your body and adjusting accordingly.

For people who find that beer and malt liquor give them the most digestive trouble, opting for wine and hard liquor can be a safer bet, Sheth says.

How to Make Saline Solution: Nose, Wounds, Piercings, Eyes

29-06-2020 · Saline solution is made of salt and water and is a gentle, effective option whether you’re trying to rinse a part of your body or hydrate it. Making saline solution at home is fairly easy, and ...


Saline solution serves many purposes, including rinsing contact lenses and clearing out your sinuses. Want to know how to make saline solution at home? Learning how to DIY saline can save you money and a trip to the pharmacy.

how to make saline solutionShare on Pinterest

Saline solution (also called physiological or isotonic saline if you’re fancy) is essentially a mixture of salt and water. Most variations contain 0.9 percent salt (aka sodium chloride).

The mixture has the same sodium concentration as your blood and tears, so it mimics what’s found in your body (woo-hoo, science!).

Saline is a gentle, effective option whether you’re trying to rinse a part of your body or hydrate it.

In the medical field, saline is used to:

Saline can be applied directly to your skin or inserted into your veins (with the help of a doc, of course). When it comes to making saline solution at home, we’re strictly talking external use.

Making saline solution at home is generally safe as long as you wash your hands before you start and wash the container you’ll store your saline in. An easy way to make sure your container is sterilized is to run it through the dishwasher.

To get started, gather the following saline solution ingredients and tools.

From there, you have a few different methods to make your saline.

Stovetop method

  1. Add 2 cups tap water to a pot, cover, and boil for 15 minutes.
  2. Let cool to room temperature.
  3. Add 1 teaspoon salt.
  4. Optional: Add a pinch of baking soda.
  5. Stir mixture until everything is dissolved and transfer to a clean airtight container.
  6. Refrigerate saline for up to 24 hours (throw it out after that to avoid bacteria).

Pro tip: This is the most sterile tap water method because the water is boiled.

Microwave method

  1. Pour 2 cups tap water into a microwave-safe bowl.
  2. Add 1 teaspoon salt.
  3. Cover and microwave for 1–2 minutes.
  4. Let cool to room temperature.
  5. Pour your saline into a clean airtight container.
  6. Refrigerate saline for up to 24 hours (throw it out after that to avoid bacteria).

Distilled water method

You can also use distilled water for the ultimate sterile (and longer-lasting) saline solution. You can find distilled water at most drug or grocery stores. This method is the easiest by far.

  1. Grab a 1-gallon jug of distilled water and add 8 teaspoons of salt.
  2. Refrigerate for up to 1 month.

What’s the point of making saline solution if you can’t put it to good use? Here are a few ways to take your saline for a spin:

Got the sniffles, nose feeling dry, or you just like playing with a neti pot? Squirting some saline up there can be very useful to keep your nasal membranes lubed up and clear out congestion.

To make a nasal saline solution rinse:

  1. Combine 3 teaspoons salt and 1 teaspoon baking soda.
  2. Add 1 teaspoon of the mixture to 1 cup water (that has been boiled for 15–20 minutes)
  3. Stir until the solids have dissolved.

To use a nasal saline solution, grab a neti pot, ear bulb, or other bottle to blast the solution up your nostrils one at a time. (Just make sure it’s clean!) It’s easier and less messy to do this in the shower or lean over the sink.

When using the saline, try to tilt your head to the right or left, depending on the nostril you’re clearing.

Want to keep a new piercing infection-free? Rinse it regularly with saline solution. This can help flush away dead skin cells and other junk that can lead to infections and the dreaded crustiness.

Soak the piercing site or apply saline to it directly. Do this for about 5 minutes once or twice a day (once in the morning and once at night is an easy way to remember).

You can rinse wounds with saline to ensure they don’t dry out and to remove bacteria and debris. For simple wounds, it can be a handy — excuse the pun — solution. But research suggests that just regular ol’ tap water also works for this purpose.

Ready to awaken your inner chemist by making saline solution at home? Make sure you minimize the risk of contaminated water that can lead to infections (yikes!) and talk to your doctor if you’re concerned about a wound or illness.

Keep these safety tips in mind:

  • Don’t touch the solution with your bare hands — no matter how “clean” they are.
  • Never use homemade saline on your eyes or contacts.
  • Don’t drink your saline solution.
  • Use a new container for each batch (and make sure you clean it with warm water and soap or run it through the dishwasher).
  • Stick that sucker in the fridge. It only takes 24 hours for bacteria to grow in homemade saline solution, but they’re less likely to grow in a chilled environment.
  • Chuck your solution if it looks dirty or cloudy.
  • Throw away DIY saline made with tap water after 24 hours. If you use distilled water, it can last up to a month.

Making saline solution at home is fairly easy, and there are a lot of uses for it. You may want to buy saline in a store if you use it regularly (that’s a must if you use it on your eyes or contacts), but knowing you can whip up a batch with ingredients you probably have on hand can be helpful in a pinch.

9 Travel Anxiety Tips to Manage and Prepare

21-02-2022 · Travel anxiety (or vacation anxiety) is a sense of anxiety, nervousness, or fear while traveling or planning a trip. You might experience travel anxiety in response to: a …


Medically reviewed by Bethany Juby, PsyDWritten by Leandra Beabout on February 21, 2022

  • Vacation anxiety
  • Causes
  • Travel tips
  • Talk with a doctor

Intercom chatter. Heavy traffic. Crowded markets. Mid-flight turbulence. Are your palms sweating yet?

Not everyone experiences travel anxiety. But for those who do, jetting off for vacation isn’t always blissful and carefree.

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Blue Collectors/Stocksy

Facts: Travel anxiety alone isn’t a medical condition. But that doesn’t mean it’s not a real experience.

Noticing red flags is your brain’s way of protecting you from outside dangers. Anxiety happens when the protective, fight-or-flight part of your brain goes into overdrive.

Anxiety typically involves a combo of mental and physical reactions to:

  • fear (of flying, for instance)
  • stress (raise your hand if you’ve had to run to catch a train/plane/bus 🙋)
  • the unknown (say, foreign languages or unfamiliar cities)

About 31 percent of Americans live with an actual anxiety disorder at some point in life, but everyone’s experience and triggers are different. Travel anxiety is simply anxiety triggered by traveling or thinking about travel.

Symptoms associated with vacation anxiety include:

If your fears keep you at home while your family vacations abroad or your squad meets up for a far-away reunion, travel anxiety might be holding you back from your happiest, healthiest self.

So many possibilities.

  • Negative memories. Older 2009 research suggests that 65 percent of major car crash survivors develop travel anxiety. From getting scammed to getting lost in an unfamiliar city, or even getting sick while abroad, bad travel experiences can trigger future travel anxiety.
  • Doomscrolling. New COVID-19 variants, plane crashes, terrorist attacks… Some days it feels like the only headlines are horror stories. Internet use has skyrocketed during the pandemic. That endless stream of bad news can trigger stress and travel anxiety.
  • Fear of flying. Maybe hurtling through the air in a metal tube freaks you out. You’re not alone. In 2019, researchers reported that flight phobia affected about 3 percent of the population. It might help to remember that more than 45,000 flights take off every day — and very, very few of them make the headlines.
  • Stepping outside your comfort zone. At least one psychology expert has pinpointed “fear of the unknown” as one of the most fundamental human anxieties. Travel is brimming with new experiences and adventures. Your brain might need a little help separating the merely unfamiliar from perceived threats.
  • Excitement. Did you know that anxiety and excitement are close cousins? Older research suggests that recognizing and reevaluating anxiety as excitement can lead to better outcomes.
  • Your brain and genetics. Not all travel anxiety is situational. You might be dealing with a true anxiety disorder. Experts have linked generalized anxiety disorder to certain genetic factors. Research also suggests that growing up with parents who view the world as unsafe could raise your risk of developing anxiety.

Try these tips to help soothe anxiety before or during your next trip. Talking with a therapist may also help you discover coping mechanisms that are specific to your fears and situation.

1. Pinpoint your triggers

If you’ve been living with anxiety, you probably already have an idea of which experiences and situations unleash your symptoms.

Here are a few travel-specific triggers:

  • fear of flying
  • worrying about how to pay for the trip
  • concerns over getting lost
  • stress over planning all the trip details

But some general stress triggers could exacerbate travel anxiety:

  • low blood sugar
  • dehydration
  • lack of sleep
  • too much caffeine, sugar, or alcohol

Sometimes an outside party can help you ID your triggers. Consider asking your partner, friend, or therapist what they’ve noticed about when and why your travel anxiety seems to spike.

2. Make a plan

Remember how fear of the unknown is a big deal for human brains? It’s impossible to create an airtight plan for every second of a vacation. But you *can* sketch out a plan for your most-feared scenarios.

  • “What if I get lost?” Bring along an extra phone charger, sure, but also snag a guidebook and paper map of your destination. Jot down the address and phone number for your hotel(s) too. Some travelers even use Google Street View to find landmarks around their hotel before the trip even starts.
  • “What if I get sick away from home?” First, it’s always a good idea to buy travel health insurance before a trip. But think beyond that too. Could you make a list of all your medications in case you need a pharmacy? Could you keep a note about your medical conditions on your person at all times?
  • “What if I lose all my money?” There are anti-theft bags, pockets, and even scarves to thwart wannabe pickpockets. But you could also consider an emergency credit card and contact info for someone who could wire you cash in a pinch.
  • “What if the airline loses my luggage?” This situation is a total bummer. But is it the end of the world? You could stash must-have items in your carry-on bag and make sure you have cash to buy extra clothes and toiletries if needed.

Rather than giving into a general fear of “what-ifs,” pinpoint your top three fears. Then plan for those scenarios.

3. Visualize the destination with virtual reality

Yep, we’re going high-tech here. But a study in 2007 (Rihanna’s “Umbrella” days!) found that folks with travel anxiety reported significant relief after taking a virtual tour via their hotel’s website.

A 2013 study reported the same findings when anxiety-addled travelers previewed video clips of their destinations.

4. Take deep breaths

Research shows that meditation and breathing exercises can help quell anxiety. When you focus on your breathing, you feel more grounded. You also distract yourself from continually replaying worst-case scenarios.

The best part? You can practice breathing techniques before the trip, on the plane, or even while walking around a new-to-you city.

5. Arm yourself with distractions

Does a silly game or page-turner make the time fly by? Bring it along on the car, train, plane, or bus. Distractions can help you focus on something enjoyable rather than stewing in your anxiety.

A few ideas:

  • a new book from your favorite author
  • your favorite music artist’s new album
  • mobile game apps (Wordle fans, unite!)
  • crossword puzzles
  • word searches
  • Sudoku
  • meditation apps

6. Buddy up

If your heart starts to race at the thought of navigating a trip alone, why not invite someone along? A ride-or-die friend will not only make things more fun — but they might also push you (gently!) to try new things on the trip.

7. Anticipate the positives

Research shows that scanning for positive future events lights up the part of the brain associated with well-being.

So if you feel yourself slipping into negative predictions about travel, whip out a piece of paper and pen. Now make a list of all the exciting, fun, or relaxing things that might happen while traveling. What are you looking forward to doing? Which landmarks do you hope to photograph? Who will you get to see and hug on the other side of your journey?

Pro tip: Keep that list. Pull it out and read it whenever you feel a new wave of travel anxiety brewing.

8. Make sure everything is in order at home

Some travel anxiety centers on all the things that could go wrong at home while you’re gone. So just as you planned for the worst-case scenarios on your journey, plan for potential mishaps on the homefront.

Some suggestions:

  • Pick a point person who can check on your house or apartment if necessary.
  • Ask a trusted friend to shower your pets (or plants!) with TLC.
  • Share your itinerary with a friend or family member. Make sure they know how to get in touch with you while you’re gone.

Sometimes the mere act of prepping for time away will help you feel calmer and in control. You, 1. Travel anxiety, 0.

9. Consider medication

If planning and distractions don’t help, consider talking with your doctor about anti-anxiety medication. Just note that it does take time to find the right medication and dosage.

Antidepressants may be helpful for general anxiety disorder (GAD) or other chronic anxiety disorders but can take about 4 to 6 weeks to be truly beneficial. Even then people may need to adjust the dosages to get to the right level.

Benzodiazepines may be a more immediate choice to help you get through a flight. But, it’s recommended you test this prior to a trip to see how it makes you feel.

If travel anxiety is interfering with your enjoyment of life, it’s time to get help. Anxiety and stress tend to compound when you don’t address them.

Your doctor will likely ask you several questions to determine if you meet the criteria for an anxiety disorder. Depending on your symptoms along with other factors, your doctor might recommend a mix of treatments:

Travel anxiety is no fun. Asking a doctor or therapist for help could be the start of an exciting, adventurous new chapter in your life.

  • Though travel anxiety isn’t a medical diagnosis, it’s something many people experience.
  • Travel anxiety can be triggered by specific fears — flight phobia, fear of repeating a bad experience — or a general fear of the unknown.
  • Identifying your triggers, creating a plan for worst-case scenarios, and shifting to a positive mindset can help alleviate symptoms of travel anxiety.
  • Home remedies aren’t always enough. If travel anxiety is interfering with your life, talk with a doctor or therapist. A medical pro can help by recommending therapy, anti-anxiety meds, or both.

Last medically reviewed on February 21, 2022

Best Gym Machines: 7 Exercise Machines Worth Using

23-05-2022 · Cable biceps bar. Cable triceps bar. Chest press. Hanging leg raise. Rowing machine. Fitness pros agree: Exercise machines are totally fine to use and may be especially …


Fitness pros agree: Exercise machines are totally fine to use and may be especially helpful for beginners.

Kettlebell and bodyweight workouts might win the gym popularity contest right now, but don’t sleep on using gym machines. Sometimes exercise machines are actually better.

“It’s true that if you’re using free weights, you have to recruit so many stabilizing muscles,” says Shannon Fable, certified trainer and programming director for Anytime Fitness. “But when you’re getting started, using [the machines with weighted plates] and just learning the movement pattern is OK.”

If you’re returning from a gym hiatus or gaining back strength after an injury, weight machines are an easy way to get back in the game. Plus, you won’t risk dropping anything heavy on your foot.

“If you haven’t got full strength or balance or full range of motion, machines are much safer,” says Stuart Munro, certified personal trainer for the New York Health and Racquet Club.

With that in mind, here are the top machines three trainers suggest. Each machine will help you build strength and train your body to use the right muscles.

horizontal seated leg press machineShare on Pinterest
GIF by Dima Bazak

What you’re working: quads, glutes, hamstrings, calves

Why it’s worth it: All the trainers we spoke with agreed that this was their go-to lower-body machine. “If people use this with correct technique, it can help you move toward squats off the machine,” Munro says.

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GIF by Dima Bazak

What you’re working: latissimus dorsi (the broadest muscle of the back), shoulder girdle

Why it’s worth it: If you’re interested in ever doing a pull-up, this is a great place to start. You’ll build your back muscles and start activating the entire posterior chain.

“Beginners can start with an under grasp (palms facing you), which uses more biceps and tends to be a little easier,” Munro says.

You can also bring your hands closer together or spread them farther apart (so your arms make a V shape) to make the move more challenging.

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GIF by Dima Bazak

What you’re working: biceps

Why it’s worth it: “These are great for avoiding the swinging that happens with dumbbells,” says Rachel Mariotti, certified trainer and Precision Run coach for Equinox.

As with all the other movements on this list, you’ll get the most out of this one when you slowly raise and lower the weight. The cable here helps force you to do that.

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GIF by Dima Bazak

What you’re working: triceps

Why it’s worth it: As with the lat pulldown or the cable biceps bar, you can switch the grip here — using a straight bar, a V-bar, or even a rope — to vary the move.

Building strong triceps is uber-important for push-ups and pull-ups and for maintaining balanced strength in your arms.

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GIF by Dima Bazak

What you’re working: chest, biceps, triceps

Why it’s worth it: “The chest press machine is a similar motion to a push-up,” Munro says. If you’re new to working out, building up your chest, your biceps, and even your triceps will be helpful for doing compound movements later on.

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GIF by Dima Bazak

What you’re working: core, hip flexors

Why it’s worth it: “This is easy to operate and a great way to work your abs by propping up on your forearms and simply lifting — not swinging — your legs up,” Mariotti says.

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GIF by Dima Bazak

What you’re working: total body, particularly the posterior chain, and building cardio endurance

Why it’s worth it: While there’s nothing wrong with a treadmill, the rowing machine can be a great way to change things up, Mariotti says.

“It’s got the upper-body and lower-body aspect of resistance training and will help balance the whole hunch-forward-from-sitting-at-computers,” Munro adds.

Leg press one day, weighted squats with perfect form the next. Using these machines will help your body get stronger and prepare for the workouts ahead.

If you’re new to the gym or need a refresher, weight machines usually remove the guesswork with helpful how-to cards right on them. You can also ask a gym employee to show you the ropes. They’re there to help!

Healthy Trail Mix: 21 Trail Mix Recipes for Any Craving

13-05-2014 · If you frequently find your stomach grumbling mid-afternoon, these 21 Mediterranean diet snack recipes will keep you feeling full and happy throughout…


Written by Sophia Breene Updated on August 14, 2019

  • Serving size
  • Sweet
  • Savory
  • Salty
  • Spicy
  • Ingredients
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These days, trail mix goes way beyond basic GORP (good old raisins and peanuts). From sweet to savory, there are thousands of combinations to satisfy any palate or snack craving.

All you have to do is combine your favorite dry ingredients and stash the mix in an airtight container in a cool, dry location, and you’re good to go.

We love trail mix because it’s lightweight, portable, and full of energy-dense ingredients like dried fruit, nuts, and chocolate — perfect for trailside noshing.

For those same reasons, though, trail mix can pack a hefty caloric punch, especially when we mindlessly munch while sitting around at work or home. We recommend keeping your serving size to a quarter-cup or less.

But we understand that everyone has their own nutritional and taste-related needs, so we listed these mix ideas without set ratios or measurements. There are no rules for trail mix — combine whatever sounds good!

This mixture is a true crowd pleaser. Combine banana chips, peanut butter chips, peanuts, almonds, and dark chocolate chips.

2. Old-school GORP

Nothing like a good ol’ classic. Combine peanuts, raisins, and M&M’s.

3. Tropical mix

For a little taste of paradise, whip up a mixture of cashews, Brazil nuts, dried mango, coconut flakes, and banana chips.

4. Rich and creamy

This is basically dessert. Use coconut flakes, white chocolate chips, hazelnuts, chocolate-covered coffee beans, and cacao nibs.

5. Movie night

Got your Netflix show ready? Great. Combine popcorn, M&M’s, and dried cherries. To take the flavor up a notch, use hot popcorn to melt the chocolate.

6. Beachy

If you can’t take a trip right now, bring the vacation to you. Combine macadamia nuts, white chocolate chips, dried pineapple, and coconut flakes.

7. Chocolate lover

This batch has three sources of chocolate, so we’re big fans. Try hazelnuts, dried cranberries, chocolate-covered almonds, M&M’s, and cacao nibs.

8. PB&J

Your inner child is about to be so pumped. Try peanuts with dried strawberries, peanut butter chips, and shredded wheat cereal.

9. Deconstructed puppy chow

It’s the treat we all know and love — without the extra sugar. Mix almonds, whole-grain Chex or wheat cereal, dark chocolate chips, peanut butter chips, cacao nibs, and dried cranberries.

Nut lovers, rejoice. This hearty mix includes almonds, walnuts, peanuts, cashews, and raisins.

11. Fall flavors

This mix will help you get into all the fall feels. Combine pecans, dried apples, maple granola, pumpkin seeds, nutmeg, and cinnamon.

12. Thai fusion

Try a taste of the East with peanuts, raisins, puffed rice, pretzels, curry powder, and chili powder.

13. Coffee shop

Keep the buzz going with hazelnuts, almonds, raisins, chocolate-covered coffee beans, and white chocolate chips.

14. Cereal lover

Bran doesn’t have to mean bland, friends. Try bran flakes with shredded wheat cereal, puffed rice, granola, cashews, dried cherries, dried cranberries, and dried blueberries.

For wholesome with a bit of sweet, mix almonds, dried cherries, dark chocolate chips, sea salt, and cinnamon.

16. Raw energy

Sweet and salty unite in this recipe. Mix walnuts, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, cinnamon, nutmeg, sea salt, dried apricots, and dried cranberries.

17. Power mix

Make this your go-to workout snack. Combine goji berries, sea salt, pistachios, dried blueberries, flaxseeds, and dark chocolate chips.

18. Monkey munch

With so many delicious flavors in one recipe, each bite is the bomb. Mix banana chips, peanuts, sea salt, almonds, dark chocolate chips, raisins, and coconut flakes.

This mix has a kick you’ll love. The recipe calls for almonds, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, garlic powder, onion powder, cayenne pepper, and salt.

20. Spicy and savory

Keep your taste buds guessing with almonds, wasabi peas, sesame seeds, dried ginger, and Chex cereal.

21. Cajun blend

A little spice makes everything nice. Combine almonds, pecans, walnuts, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, sea salt, garlic powder, chili powder, ground cumin, and cayenne pepper.

The best part about trail mix is that it’s fully customizable. Our combinations are a great place to start, but feel free to get creative from here. All you have to do is mix the following ingredients to your liking.


These pint-size nutritional dynamos are loaded with healthy unsaturated fats, protein, fiber, antioxidants, vitamin E, and other essential vitamins and minerals.

Whether they’re raw or roasted, go for unsalted, unsweetened nuts to keep sugar and sodium under control.

Our favorites: Almonds, pistachios, cashews, peanuts, and walnuts (higher-calorie macadamia nuts, hazelnuts, Brazil nuts, pecans, and pine nuts are also good options in moderation)


If you have a nut allergy (or you’re just looking to mix things up), seeds provide many of the same nutritional benefits as nuts.

Hemp seeds, for example, are loaded with omega-3 fatty acids, gamma linolenic acid, protein, zinc, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, and calcium.

Our favorites: Pumpkin, sunflower, sesame, flax, and hemp seeds

Dried fruit

Dried fruit can be a great source of fiber, antioxidants, calcium, and vitamins A, C, and K. But the grams of sugar can add up quickly, so pay attention to the ingredient lists and serving sizes.

Look for dried fruits with as little added sugar and as few preservatives as possible. Some varieties, like cranberries, are naturally quite tart and almost always sweetened with cane sugar or apple juice.

If you’re concerned about added sweeteners, it’s also pretty easy to make your own dried fruit in the oven.

Our favorites: Dried apples, cherries, cranberries, goji berries, blueberries, strawberries, apricots, raisins, banana chips, figs, pineapple chunks, mango, and dates


Add some complex carbohydrates to your custom blend for some fiber and a little crunch. Choose whole grains whenever possible and avoid highly processed cereals that add unnecessary sugar and sodium.

Our favorites: Shredded wheat cereal, pretzels, whole-grain cereals like Cheerios or Chex, bran flakes, whole-wheat crackers, granola, toasted oats, puffed rice cereal, and air-popped popcorn


Sometimes we all need a little something sweet to round out the mix. When going the chocolate route, choose dark varieties for extra antioxidants.

Our favorites: M&M’s, chips of various kinds (chocolate, peanut butter, carob, butterscotch), cacao nibs, yogurt-covered raisins, chocolate-covered coffee beans, mini marshmallows, or chocolate-covered nuts

Savory extras

Once the building blocks are all set, adding spices is a great way to change up the flavor a bit. Season your mix with sea salt, curry, ground ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg, cardamom, or cayenne pepper. You can even create your own mix of spices.

Our favorites: Wasabi peas, coconut flakes, sesame sticks, dried ginger, and coffee beans

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